|Important Snoring Statistics||Data|
|Percent of people age 30 and older who snore||30 %|
|Percent of people age 40 and older who snore||40 %|
|Percent of women who snore||19 %|
|Percent of people who say their partner snores||59 %|
|Percent of children who snore||5.6 %|
|Percent of people who snore who also experience sleep apnea||28 %|
|Average decibal level of a snore||38 decibels|
The disruptive sound of snoring is a signal that the free flow of air through the respiratory system has become obstructed during sleep. It's a simple explanation, however, there are several ways the air passages might become obstructed, and it might take a little detective work to pinpoint the reason you are snoring. To help you understand why you, or someone you care about, may be snoring, we have outlined some common environmental and physical conditions that might be to blame. Perhaps one or more will apply to your situation.
Environmental Causes of Snoring
Alcohol – Drinking alcohol in excess, or drinking alcohol before bed, causes muscles in the throat to over relax, obstructing airflow. It also dulls the reflexes, diminishing ones ability to recognize and respond to discomfort by waking up or shifting position.
Allergies – Many of the symptoms you may experience with allergies are caused by inflammation, including itching eyes and throat, sinus pain and headaches, runny nose and watery eyes. Inflammation also causes snoring, as the tissue around the throat and sinuses become swollen and excess mucus is generated, blocking the airway.
Medication – The side effects of some medications – both prescription and over-the-counter – can cause irritation, inflamation or overrelaxation
Smoking – Smoking is an irritant and can contribute significantly to inflamation in respiratory system, progressively narrowing the airway which causes snoring.Medical and Physical Causes of Snoring
Age – As we age, our tissues and membranes lose their tautness and elasticity. Looser tissue in the throat and soft pallate can result in a collapsed and diminished air passage.
Anatomical Abnormalities – Some of the physical or anatomical issues that can cause narrowing and obstruction of the airway or uneven airflow include: nasal polyps, deviated septum, scar tissue, large adenoids or tonsils, and enlarged tissues.
Apnea – Sleep Apnea is a serious medical issue which should be diagnosed and treated by a qualified doctor. There are two types of sleep apnea: http://www.sleepapnea.org/learn/sleep-apnea.html
Infection, Flu, or Common Cold – Sinus congestion as a result of an infection can make breathing difficult, creating the perfect conditions for snoring.
Overweight or Obesity – Carrying excess weight, especially around the head and neck area, can cause the airways to narrow and collapse, especially when the body is reclined and relaxed during sleep.
Pregnancy – The rapid changes that come with pregnancy present many physical challenges, including snoring. For pregnant women, snoring can be cause by new weight gain, excess congestion, back sleeping, and pressure from the uterus on the diaphragm.
Sleep Position – Sleeping on one's back can cause the tongue to fall back, creating an obstruction in the airway that causes snoring.
Did you know that people can survive longer without food than without sleep? This is a fact that underscores just how important sleep is to our health. Even though snoring happens during sleep, it prevents one from achieving the deepest levels of sleep essential for proper brain function. Snoring disrupts the natural sleep cycle by rousing snorers and their partners awake several times a night, to either semi or full consciousness. One may not be aware of just how many times one actually wakes up during the night, but sleep studies show that snorers can wake up hundreds of times a night without realizing it. Furthermore, snorers' bed partners often develop their own disordered sleep patterns, and suffer many of the same consequences.
The symptoms of sleep deprivation include:
· Daytime fatigue
· Lack of concentration and alertness
· Elevated stress levels
· Diminished immune system function
· Increased hunger and weight gain
· Decreased motor function
· Poor memory retention
· Decreased cognitive performance
· Increased risk of heart attack
· Obesity, and diabetes
Clearly, lack of sleep presents an alarming risk to one's health and safety, as well as one's interpersonal relationships. Impaired neurological function can make you more prone to error and accidents. It can negatively affect your performance at work and your ability to experience enjoyment. Mood disorders that result in a lack of interest, irritability, or shortness of temper and patience can compromise the important relationships in your life.Lack of Oxygen
Normal respiratory function keeps our vital organs and tissues oxygenated while eliminating toxins. All you have to do is hold your breath to realize how critical this function is to our survival – it only takes moments. Snoring is evidence that there is an obstruction in the airway, meaning that the freeflow of air has been compromised, resulting in a drop in the blood oxygen level, which can lead to many of the neuro-psychological symptoms of sleep deprivation described above. Studies show that, during sleep, many heavy snorers experience decreased blood oxygen levels, a condition called nocturnal hypoxemia, which has been associated with an increased risk for hypertension and stroke.
Sleep Apnea is a diagnosable medical condition, characterized by a difficulty or suspension of breathing during sleep. There are three types: Central, Obstructive, and Mixed. Those with central sleep apnea suffer from a neurological disorder affecting the brains' automatic signal to breathe. The most common form of sleep apnea is obstructive. Those with obstructive sleep apnea struggle to breathe during sleep due to the presence of an obstruction in the airway, and sometimes breathing can stop all together. Heavy snoring and gasping for air are common indicators of obstructive sleep apnea, and can result in lack of sleep and lowered blood oxygen levels. Mixed sleep apnea indicates the presence of both central and obstructive apnea.Relationship Strain
Having a bed partner who snores can put a huge strain on a relationship, though couples tend to treat the problem passively, opting to suffer in silence or sleep in separate rooms. While amusing stereotypes tend to reinforce the idea that it's no big deal, snoring can be the source of great strife in a relationship. Consider the snorer, who feels embarrassed and helpless to fix a problem that only happens when they're unconscious. And consider the snorer's partner, who does not want to overreact, but feels equally helpless and frustrated. Add to the mix that both partners are suffering the symptoms of sleep deprivation, and it's easy to see how profoundly snoring can tax a relationship.
Carotid Atherosclerosis is a condition in which the blood vessels from the heart become hardened and narrow, thus restricting the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the body's vital organs, cells, and tissue. Researchers have found an increased instance of carotid atherosclerosis among heavy snorers and those with obstructive sleep apnea, and believe that the vibrations generated by snoring may cause the hardening of the arteries around the neck. Some of the symptoms of carotid atherosclerosis include:
· Numbness in the arms or legs
· High blood pressure
· Renal failure
· Leg pain
· Pressure in the chest